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Is CBD Legal in Ohio

The legal landscape of Cannabidiol (CBD) in Ohio is shaped by its source and THC content. As per the state’s law, CBD derived from hemp and containing less than 3% THC is legal. However, CBD sourced from marijuana remains illegal. This distinction was clarified in Ohio’s Senate Bill 57, signed in 2019, which decriminalized hemp and sanctioned the sale of hemp-derived CBD oil.

The Ohio Department of Agriculture oversees hemp production, and Ohio residents do not require licenses to possess, sell, or buy hemp products. However, possession limits are unspecified and proof of medical marijuana patient status may be needed for compliance.

Key Takeaways

  • CBD derived from hemp with less than 3% THC is legal in Ohio.
  • CBD sourced from marijuana remains illegal.
  • Ohio’s Senate Bill 57 decriminalized hemp and allowed the sale of hemp-derived CBD oil.
  • Ohio residents do not need licenses to possess, sell, or buy hemp products, but possession limits are unspecified.

Understanding CBD Oil

Understanding CBD Oil (1)
Understanding CBD Oil (1)

While the legalities of CBD oil in Ohio are significant, it is equally important to understand what CBD oil is, particularly its extraction process, applications, and potential benefits for therapeutic purposes. CBD oil is a non-intoxicating compound derived from the cannabis plant. It involves extracting CBD from the cannabis flower and blending it with a carrier oil, such as grapeseed or hempseed oil.

The legal status of CBD oil in Ohio is a complex matter. The Ohio Senate Bill 57 has played a pivotal role in this regard, decriminalizing hemp and licensing its cultivation. This legislation has essentially made CBD oil legal in Ohio, provided it is hemp-derived and contains no more than 0.3% THC. However, it’s worth noting that this legality does not extend to marijuana-derived CBD.

For therapeutic purposes, CBD oil is employed to balance the endocannabinoid system within the human body. This is achieved without the risk of addiction or an overdose. Besides, the side effects associated with CBD oil are generally mild. As a result, the demand for hemp-derived CBD products has seen a substantial increase within Ohio.

However, when purchasing CBD oil in Ohio, consumers must ensure that the products comply with the federal law and THC content requirements. Products should be high-grade and come with easily accessible full lab reports to verify their quality and legality. This is crucial in maintaining the legal status of CBD in Ohio and ensuring the safety and effectiveness of Ohio CBD.

Federal Law and CBD

Navigating the intersection of federal law and CBD, it’s crucial to recognize the role of the 2018 Farm Bill and the FDA in influencing the legality and regulation of CBD products nationwide, including in Ohio. The evolution of laws and attitudes towards CBD has been dramatic, with the Agricultural Improvement Act, also known as the 2018 Farm Bill, playing a significant role. This Act created a national industrial hemp program, effectively legalizing hemp with less than 0.03% THC. This was a significant shift, as possession of marijuana had been outlawed by the federal government since 1970.

The federal law now distinguishes between marijuana, which has a high THC content, and hemp, which has a low THC content. This distinction makes hemp-derived CBD with less than 0.3% THC legal under federal law. However, despite this newfound legality, the FDA has only approved one CBD product for use in treating rare medical disorders, suggesting a limited federal approval of CBD products.

Even though the Agricultural Improvement Act permits interstate commerce of hemp-derived CBD products, the FDA retains oversight of these products. The FDA’s involvement has added another layer of complexity to the legal landscape for CBD. Thus, while CBD derived from hemp is legal in Ohio and across the nation as per the federal law, it is important to understand that these products are still subject to FDA regulations, and the lack of FDA approval for most CBD products means that their legality can sometimes be a gray area.

Ohio’s Senate Bill 57 Explained

How has Ohio’s Senate Bill 57, signed in July 2019, influenced the legal status of CBD in the state? This groundbreaking bill, passed by the Ohio legislature, has significantly altered the CBD laws within state lines. The bill decriminalized hemp and licensed its cultivation, thus legalizing CBD oil containing less than 0.3% THC in Ohio. This was a major step towards promoting hemp and CBD products in the state.

Endorsed by the Ohio governor, the bill empowered the Ohio Department of Agriculture to regulate hemp cultivation. It also permitted universities to engage in hemp research without necessitating licenses for Ohio residents. This not only fostered hemp cultivation but also encouraged scientific study to explore the full potential of this versatile plant.

Importantly, the bill allowed businesses to sell CBD products outside of medical marijuana dispensaries. It required proper labeling to indicate THC content, providing transparency to consumers about what they are purchasing. This opened up a new market for businesses and offered consumers easier access to CBD products.

To ensure compliance with the law, the bill also introduced testing protocols to distinguish between hemp and marijuana. This crucial distinction was necessary to separate the legal hemp from the still federally regulated marijuana.

CBD Arrests in Ohio

CBD Arrests in Ohio
CBD Arrests in Ohio

Despite the legalization of CBD in Ohio, arrests related to its possession and use can still occur due to complexities in the law. Law enforcement often struggles to visually differentiate between hemp and marijuana, leading to inadvertent CBD arrests in Ohio. Proper labeling and proof of medical marijuana patient status can aid in compliance, as can laboratory testing to confirm the THC content in CBD products.

The Ohio Board of Pharmacy oversees the rules and regulations pertaining to CBD oil and other hemp-derived products. They stipulate that CBD products contain no more than 0.3% THC, aligning with federal laws. However, given the difficulty in visually differentiating between hemp and marijuana, Ohio residents can still face criminal charges for possession if they cannot prove the legality of their CBD products.

CBD retailers who sell CBD oil must also navigate these legal intricacies. They must ensure their products comply with the laws in Ohio, which include testing to verify the THC content. Failure to comply can result in criminal charges, including fines or imprisonment.

It is important for Ohio residents and CBD retailers alike to understand these regulations fully. If faced with legal troubles related to CBD, experienced drug crime defense attorneys can be critical in navigating the state of Ohio’s legal system. While the possession, sale, and use of CBD are generally legal in Ohio, the complexities of the law can lead to unexpected legal issues. Therefore, it is always advisable to stay informed and vigilant about the laws regarding CBD in Ohio.

Crossing State Lines With Medical Marijuana

Transporting medical marijuana across state borders introduces a complex web of legal considerations and potential ramifications for Ohio residents. After John Kasich signed House Bill 523 into law in 2016 to legalize medical marijuana, the Ohio Drug Enforcement Administration established rules for patients registered with the Medical Marijuana in Ohio program, including restrictions on crossing state lines with medical marijuana.

While state laws vary, the general rule is that marijuana and its derivatives, regardless of their legality in the origin state, cannot be transported across state lines. This is due to the fact that marijuana, including medical marijuana dispensed by legal dispensaries, remains illegal under federal law. This creates a unique challenge for Ohio residents who are legally allowed to possess and use medical marijuana within the state but could face legal issues if they travel with the drug.

Ohio’s new hemp law, however, provides some relief for those using hemp-derived CBD oil, which contains less than 0.3% THC. The 2018 Farm Bill permits the interstate commerce of these legal hemp products, although they still fall under FDA oversight. This means that individuals can transport hemp-derived CBD oil across state lines without the same legal risks associated with medical marijuana.

However, it’s important to note that any THC present in CBD products, even in trace amounts, can result in a positive drug test. This could potentially introduce legal complications when crossing state lines, even with hemp-derived CBD oil. Thus, it is crucial for residents to understand the nuances of MARIJUANA LEGAL issues before traveling out of state with these products.

Ohio Medical Marijuana Laws

Understanding Ohio’s medical marijuana laws is critical, especially in light of the complexities surrounding the legality and usage of CBD and other cannabis-derived products in the state. In 2016, Governor John Kasich signed House Bill 523, establishing a medical marijuana program in Ohio. This law allowed physicians to recommend, not prescribe, marijuana-derived CBD oil and other cannabis products for the treatment of specific conditions such as HIV, Alzheimer’s disease, epilepsy, and PTSD, among others.

The landscape of Ohio’s medical marijuana laws changed again in 2019, when Governor Mike DeWine signed Senate Bill 57, decriminalizing hemp and hemp CBD oil. This bill, which also established a Hemp Program under the Ohio Department of Agriculture, made it legal to possess, sell, and purchase CBD oil with less than 3% THC in Ohio.

The legislation did not specifically set possession limits for CBD oil, and dispensaries generally sell these products to individuals over the age of 18. Notably, this law made hemp CBD oil more accessible than medical marijuana in Ohio, as it does not require a prescription or a license for purchase.

Drug Crime and Disorderly Conduct

Drug Crime and Disorderly Conduct
Drug Crime and Disorderly Conduct

A significant number of drug-related arrests in Ohio involve marijuana or its derivatives, highlighting the importance of understanding the legal implications and potential penalties associated with misuse. With marijuana being illegal for recreational use, the state continually enforces strict regulations to curb drug crime and disorderly conduct. Although Ohio accepts hemp-derived CBD oils under the new federal law, this doesn’t equate to a free pass for all CBD-derived substances.

In 2018, former Governor John Kasich signed House Bill 523 into law, decriminalizing the use of medical marijuana. This new law, however, did not automatically legalize all marijuana products. It is integral to note that while CBD extract derived from hemp is accepted, marijuana-derived CBD oil remains available only for medical marijuana patients. Therefore, misuse or unauthorized possession can lead to legal complications.

Possession of marijuana products without proper identification or proof of medical marijuana patient status can result in misdemeanour charges, punishable by a fine. Police, unable to visually differentiate between hemp and marijuana, may consent to a criminal background check or lab testing for compliance. Experienced drug crime defence attorneys can guide you through this legal landscape.

It is crucial to understand these distinctions to avoid any potential legal fallout from the misuse of CBD or other marijuana products. With the evolving legal landscape surrounding CBD use in Ohio, staying informed and compliant is more critical than ever. Understanding the nuances of these laws helps to navigate the complexities of this issue while ensuring the responsible and legal use of CBD.

Marijuana Vs. CBD in Ohio

The distinction between marijuana and CBD in Ohio is an essential aspect of the legal landscape, particularly due to the different regulations governing their use and possession in the state. Ever since Ohio legalized marijuana for medical use in 2016, the lines differentiating it from CBD, specifically hemp-derived CBD, have been crucial in understanding its legal implications.

Under Ohio law, marijuana and CBD are treated differently. Medical marijuana is accessible to those with a medical cannabis card and a doctor’s written recommendation. In contrast, the use of CBD is legal for anyone to possess, buy, or sell, provided it is derived from hemp with less than 0.3% THC. Senate Bill 57 further clarified this distinction, decriminalizing hemp and allowing for the regulation of CBD. This bill legalized the possession, sale, and purchase of hemp-derived CBD oil without the need for a license or prescription.

However, CBD oil sourced from marijuana remains illegal in the state. Only licensed dispensaries are allowed to sell marijuana-derived CBD oil. On the other hand, full-spectrum CBD oil derived from hemp with less than 0.3% THC is legal nationwide due to the passing of the federal Farm Bill in 2018, which removed hemp from the list of controlled substances. This makes it legal to buy CBD oil both in local retailers and online stores.

Choosing Between Marijuana and CBD

In deciding between marijuana and CBD in Ohio, consumers must consider factors such as legal constraints, their medical conditions, and personal preferences. Marijuana is a source of the common cannabidiol (CBD) and tetrahydrocannabinol (THC), while hemp, a cannabis variety, produces CBD extracted for various products. Understanding the differences between THC and CBD is essential when choosing between marijuana and CBD.

THC, the active ingredient in marijuana, produces the ‘high’ associated with its use. On the other hand, CBD is non-psychoactive and provides therapeutic benefits without causing intoxication, making it a popular choice for those seeking cannabis comfort without compromising sobriety.

The legal constraints in Ohio make buying CBD products a more accessible option. Unlike medical marijuana, which requires a doctor’s recommendation and a medical cannabis card, no prescription or license is necessary to purchase quality CBD products. Therefore, for individuals not meeting the strict criteria for medical marijuana use, CBD becomes a viable alternative.

In terms of medical conditions, CBD is known to alleviate symptoms related to anxiety, inflammation, and chronic pain, among others. Thus, CBD products can be beneficial for those suffering from these conditions.

Finally, personal preferences also play a role. Some people prefer the psychoactive effects of THC, while others may prefer the non-intoxicating relief offered by CBD.

As a consumer, understanding the differences between hemp and marijuana, THC and CBD, and the legalities involved is crucial when deciding to use CBD or marijuana in Ohio. Always ensure you are buying from reputable sources to guarantee the safety and efficacy of the products.

Purchasing CBD in Ohio

Purchasing CBD in Ohio
Purchasing CBD in Ohio

Given the legal status and benefits of CBD in Ohio, purchasing CBD products in this state involves understanding certain key aspects. Firstly, while CBD oil with less than 3% THC is legal, it must be hemp-derived and not marijuana-derived. As such, when purchasing CBD products, it is essential to ensure they originate from organic hemp growers and not marijuana growers.

Products can be purchased from various retail stores and health food shops. However, buying from licensed dispensaries is recommended for assurance of product quality and legality. These dispensaries work with hemp processing plants to ensure the extraction process used yields a product with THC levels within the legal limit.

The age limit for purchasing CBD in Ohio is typically 18 years, as set by the dispensaries. This age limit reflects the state’s intention to regulate the use of CBD, particularly among minors.

When searching for CBD products, it is advisable to choose brands that provide high-grade CBD oil from reputable sources, offer full lab reports, and are USDA-certified organic. This ensures transparency and quality control in manufacturing and packaging.

Mailing CBD to Ohio

Frequently, Ohio residents opt for mailing CBD products to their homes, a legal practice provided the products contain less than 0.3% THC, are derived from hemp, and are properly labelled as per the guidelines outlined in Senate Bill 57. This bill, passed in 2019, effectively decriminalized hemp and its derivatives on a state level, aligning Ohio with federal-level regulations.

Derived from the Cannabis sativa L plant, CBD, or cannabidiol, is a non-psychoactive compound that has gained popularity for its potential medical benefits. Products containing CBD are often used as a dietary supplement by those seeking natural alternatives for managing conditions such as chronic pain, anxiety, and sleep disorders. While CBD can be extracted from both marijuana and hemp, only hemp-derived CBD is federally legal due to its low THC content. THC, or tetrahydrocannabinol, is the psychoactive compound responsible for the ‘high’ associated with marijuana use.

Hemp for research purposes is also permitted, and Ohio has seen an increase in cultivation licenses since the passing of Senate Bill 57. This growth in the local hemp industry ensures that Ohio residents have access to high-quality, locally-produced CBD products. The bill also allows for hemp-derived CBD products to be mailed to Ohio residents without the need for a medical prescription.

However, consumers must purchase from reputable brands that provide high-quality CBD oil from legal hemp sources and have easily accessible lab reports. This ensures that products meet the required THC content regulations, are sourced from decriminalized hemp, and are properly labelled, providing a safe, legal option for residents of Ohio.

CBD and Minors in Ohio

The legality of CBD use and possession for minors in Ohio is a nuanced issue that requires careful understanding due to its potential implications on underage individuals. CBD, or cannabidiol, is one of the many chemical compounds extracted from the Cannabis sativa plant. It’s important to note that CBD is non-psychoactive, unlike THC, which is associated with the recreational use of cannabis.

In Ohio, full-spectrum CBD oil derived from hemp containing no more than 0.3% THC is legal to possess without a license or prescription. The Ohio Department of Agriculture oversees the regulation of hemp production, including the process of labelling hemp products. This is crucial in ensuring the legality and safety of the products, including those containing CBD.

Despite this, the sale of CBD products to individuals under the age of 18 is generally restricted by dispensaries. This means that while CBD is not inherently illegal for minors, its accessibility is limited. Exceptions exist, however, with House Bill 523, which permits physicians to recommend CBD oil for specific medical conditions such as epilepsy, PTSD, and pain.

Also noteworthy is the provision for universities in Ohio to grow and process hemp for research. This opens the door for further exploration into the effects and potential uses of CBD, especially about minors.

Ohio’s New Hemp/CBD Law

Ohio's New HempCBD Law
Ohio’s New HempCBD Law

Ohio recently enacted Senate Bill 57, decriminalizing hemp and establishing a regulated system for the cultivation, processing, and sale of hemp-derived CBD products. This pivotal legislation not only reduces the legal restrictions on CBD but also fosters an environment conducive to the growth and process of industrial hemp in the state.

The new law marks a significant step in the improvement of the hemp industry in Ohio. It classifies hemp, a cannabis plant with less than 0.3% THC content, differently from marijuana, which is still a Schedule I drug. This distinction is vital because it recognizes that hemp contains CBD, a beneficial chemical compound, without the psychoactive elements found in other parts of the cannabis plant.

In line with this, the law mandates the Ohio Department of Agriculture to conduct an investigation and licensing process for hemp growers, processors, and retailers. This system ensures that only licensed entities can legally sell hemp-derived CBD, thereby combining CBD regulations with a controlled distribution network.

It is noteworthy that the Hemp Improvement Act also allows non-dispensary stores to sell hemp-derived CBD products, thereby expanding its availability to consumers. However, it’s crucial to recognize that this law does not grant a blanket license to deal with CBD products. Violators may face severe consequences, such as charges for a controlled substance felony and the loss of their hemp processing license.

Finding Quality CBD in Ohio

While the new law has paved the way for a regulated, safe, and prosperous hemp industry in Ohio, consumers need to know where to find high-quality CBD products within the state. Finding quality CBD in Ohio means looking for brands that provide high-grade CBD oil from the best hemp sources and following the law regarding THC content.

When you find CBD, make sure it comes from a brand that has full lab reports easily accessible. These reports should confirm that the products contain less than 0.3% THC, as required by law, and are free of heavy metals and other contaminants. Also, plans must be in place to ensure the products are made for research purposes without compromising on quality.

A USDA organic certification is another key aspect to look for. This certification guarantees that your CBD products are safe and of high quality. Hemp-derived CBD products that are USDA-certified organic, such as those offered by Cornbread Hemp, offer an additional layer of reassurance.

One can find these products at certain retailers in Ohio, such as Toomey Natural Foods, Ohio CBD Guy, and Clifton Natural Foods. They also come with QR codes linking to lab test results, providing transparency about the product’s quality and safety. Online ordering is also available, making it even easier to access these usable products.

Frequently Asked Questions

What Are the CBD Laws in Ohio 2023?

As of now, Ohio legislation permits the cultivation, sale, and possession of hemp and hemp-derived products, including CBD. The Ohio Department of Agriculture oversees hemp production, and academic institutions can cultivate and process hemp for research. Both medical and recreational usage of CBD is allowed, but medical marijuana can only be recommended by physicians for specific conditions. The legislation is subject to change, and it’s advisable to stay informed about the laws for 2023.

Does CBD Show on Drug Test Ohio?

In Ohio, hemp-derived CBD with less than 0.3% THC is legal and typically not detectable in standard drug tests. However, some CBD products may contain higher levels of THC, potentially leading to a positive result. It is advised to verify the THC content of CBD products before use. Please note, that legality does not guarantee exemption from positive drug test results, as tests do not differentiate between legal and illegal sources of THC.

What State Is CBD Not Legal?

The legality of CBD varies across the United States due to differing state laws. Most states have legalized CBD with restrictions, typically related to the THC content. However, Idaho, Nebraska, and South Dakota currently maintain strict laws against the sale and use of all cannabis products, including CBD. Therefore, CBD is not legal in these states, unless under specific, tightly controlled circumstances. It is always recommended to check local laws before purchasing or using CBD products.

Can You Buy CBD Gummies Online Ohio?

Yes, you can purchase CBD gummies online in Ohio. These products must be hemp-derived and contain less than 0.3% THC in accordance with Senate Bill 57. Always ensure to buy from reputable online retailers that provide third-party testing reports, and verify that the products are sourced from organic hemp. The Ohio Department of Agriculture regulates the production and sale of these products, further ensuring their legality and safety.


In conclusion, CBD is legal in Ohio provided it is hemp-derived and contains less than 3% THC. Senate Bill 57 decriminalized hemp and allowed the sale of hemp-derived CBD oil without requiring licenses. However, it is crucial to ensure compliance with regulations, including proper labelling and proof of medical marijuana patient status. It is also key for consumers to ensure the quality of the CBD products they purchase. Future legislation may clarify the legal status and guidelines surrounding CBD in Ohio.

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Marshan B.


Marshan B.

Marshan Beals is a co-partner at Client Verge Inc. With 8 years of experience in digital marketing, his expertise extends beyond digital marketing for cannabis brands. He is also a sponsor of the High Profits ebook, available for download when you sign up for our email list.