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Is CBD Oil Legal in Ohio?

Is CBD Oil Legal in Ohio

Navigating the legality of CBD oil can be complex due to varying state regulations. In Ohio, CBD oil derived from hemp, containing less than 3% THC, is legal under the provisions of Senate Bill 57 signed in 2019. However, CBD oil derived from marijuana remains illegal. The Ohio Department of Agriculture oversees hemp production, and no licenses are required for the possession, sale, or purchase of hemp products. Medical marijuana, including CBD oil, is legal for certain qualifying conditions.

This article will delve into the specifics of Ohio’s CBD oil laws, purchasing guidelines, medical prescriptions, business licensing requirements, and the potential implications for drug testing.

Key Takeaways

  • CBD oil derived from hemp, with less than 3% THC, is legal in Ohio under Senate Bill 57.
  • Possession, sale, and purchase of hemp-derived CBD oil with less than 0.3% THC are legal in Ohio.
  • Ohio residents do not require licenses to buy CBD oil or possess hemp-derived products.
  • CBD businesses must adhere to specific licensing requirements and have their products properly labeled and licensed by the Ohio Department of Agriculture.

Understanding CBD Oil

Understanding CBD Oil
Understanding CBD Oil

CBD oil, a non-intoxicating compound extracted from the cannabis flower, possesses unique properties that have sparked significant interest in Ohio’s medical and wellness communities. CBD oil in Ohio is derived primarily from hemp, a variant of the cannabis plant that has low THC levels.

The legal status of CBD Oil in Ohio was clarified by the Ohio legislature through Senate Bill 57. This bill, passed in 2019, decriminalized hemp and hemp-derived CBD products, effectively making it legal to possess, buy, and sell CBD oil with less than 0.3% THC content. This move was met with widespread approval, particularly from wellness advocates and patients seeking alternative therapeutic options.

The Ohio Department of Agriculture plays a pivotal role in regulating the cultivation and processing of hemp, thereby ensuring the legality and safety of CBD products. CBD Legal In Ohio signifies a shift in the state’s approach towards cannabis, highlighting the potential therapeutic benefits of CBD over the psychoactive effects associated with THC.

The laws in Ohio now permit local businesses to sell CBD oil, provided it complies with the stipulated THC content. This has led to an increase in the number of retailers offering a wide range of hemp-derived CBD products, further popularizing its use in the state.

Federal Legislation on CBD Oil

Moving forward, it’s important to delve into the federal legislation on CBD oil, as it sets the overarching legal framework that states, including Ohio, must abide by. The federal law on CBD oil was significantly impacted by the Agricultural Improvement Act of 2018, commonly known as the Farm Bill. This law legalized the cultivation of industrial hemp and, by extension, hemp-derived CBD oil containing less than 0.3% THC. This move essentially decriminalized such CBD oil products at a federal level.

However, the law did not legalize marijuana-derived CBD oil. This distinction is crucial, as marijuana-derived CBD oil often contains higher levels of THC, the psychoactive compound associated with the ‘high’ in marijuana. Therefore, it remains illegal to sell CBD products with high THC content under federal law, while hemp-derived CBD products are legal.

Despite the federal stance, states have the power to implement their own regulations on CBD oil. In Ohio, the state law was influenced by the federal government’s position. The state legalized medical marijuana and passed Senate Bill 57, which further allowed the cultivation of hemp and the production of hemp-derived products.

Although the FDA has approved only one CBD product for medical use, the federal law has opened the door for further research and development in the industry. However, all hemp-derived CBD products remain subject to FDA oversight, and businesses and consumers must adhere to these regulations. Therefore, while CBD oil is largely legal in Ohio, its legality is contingent on compliance with both state and federal laws.

Ohio’s Stance on CBD Oil

The State of Ohio has taken a clear position on the legality of CBD oil, aligning closely with the federal regulations outlined in the Farm Bill. The legal status of CBD in Ohio is defined under Senate Bill 57, which Governor Mike DeWine signed into law in 2019. This legislation clarified the distinction between hemp CBD oil and marijuana-derived products, legalizing the possession, sale, and purchase of hemp-derived CBD oil containing less than 0.3% THC.

The Ohio Board of Pharmacy oversees the regulatory compliance of dispensaries, but Ohio residents do not require licenses to buy CBD oil or to possess hemp-derived products. While the possession limits are not explicitly stated in Senate Bill 57, dispensaries generally impose age restrictions, selling CBD products to individuals who are at least 18 years old.

The CBD laws in Ohio also extend to the medical field. Under House Bill 523, physicians in Ohio can recommend CBD oil for specific medical conditions. However, they are required to obtain certificates of recommendation, further ensuring the responsible and regulated use of CBD oil.

Ohio CBD laws apply specifically to hemp-derived CBD oil, not marijuana-derived. The Ohio Department of Agriculture is responsible for regulating the production of hemp and hemp-derived products. This clear stance on CBD oil underscores Ohio’s commitment to align its regulations with federal law, ensuring that CBD oil is legal to possess, sell, and buy for Ohio residents.

Purchasing CBD Oil in Ohio

Purchasing CBD Oil in Ohio
Purchasing CBD Oil in Ohio

When it comes to procuring this legal substance in Ohio, there are numerous options available both in physical stores and online. This became possible after Ohio Governor, John Kasich, signed House Bill 523 into law, making hemp-derived CBD oils with less than 3% THC legal in the state. The law facilitated the buying of CBD products without a prescription or license, opening up a new market for CBD retailers in the state.

Retail stores like Toomey Natural Foods, Ohio CBD Guy, and Clifton Natural Foods, for instance, offer a selection of CBD products. These products are in line with state laws, which stipulate that full spectrum hemp-derived CBD products should have no more than 0.3% THC. However, it is crucial to remember that only licensed dispensaries can sell CBD oil to patients in the state of Ohio, primarily through medical marijuana dispensaries.

Online purchasing is another viable option for buying CBD products in Ohio. Online stores typically offer a broader selection of CBD products compared to local stores. Furthermore, these platforms provide easy access to lab reports of the products, ensuring that customers get high-grade CBD oil from the best hemp sources.

Medical Prescription of CBD in Ohio

In Ohio, one can legally obtain CBD oil for medical purposes through a doctor’s prescription, provided the physician holds a certificate of recommendation for medical marijuana. The medical prescription of CBD in Ohio falls under the medical marijuana program, which Governor John Kasich signed into law with House Bill 523. This law permits physicians, following stringent regulations, to recommend CBD oil for specific medical conditions.

Doctors prescribe CBD oil to treat a wide range of health conditions, including, but not limited to, HIV, Alzheimer’s disease, cancer, and multiple sclerosis. The use of CBD for these conditions has reportedly shown promising results, leading to an increasing acceptance of such treatment methods.

Under the new law, CBD extracted from hemp, with THC levels not exceeding 0.3%, can be legally used for medicinal purposes. It is critical, however, to ensure that CBD products contain the appropriate levels of THC, as products exceeding this limit are considered illegal under Ohio law.

Moreover, these CBD products can also be found in health food stores in Ohio without a prescription under specific circumstances. However, the Ohio Department of Agriculture, which regulates hemp production, allows only universities to grow and process hemp for research purposes.

CBD Oil: Business Licensing Requirements

Navigating the licensing requirements for CBD businesses in Ohio involves understanding key provisions of Senate Bill 57, which governs hemp-derived products. This piece of legislation effectively decriminalizes hemp and CBD, making them distinct from marijuana under the Ohio Drug Laws. As such, CBD derived from legal hemp containing less than 0.3% THC is not considered marijuana and is, therefore, MARIJUANA LEGAL.

The Bill allows Ohio residents to find CBD products without needing licenses to possess, sell, or buy them. Nonetheless, CBD businesses must adhere to the specific licensing requirements stipulated by the same Bill. These businesses must ensure that their products are properly labeled, indicating that the THC content is less than 0.3%. Furthermore, they must obtain licenses from the Ohio Department of Agriculture, the body mandated to oversee hemp production in the state.

Complying with these directives is paramount, and businesses should also be aware of the requirement to have a name, email, and phone for their operations. Moreover, they must be ready for inspections as required by the Ohio Department of Agriculture.

With the passage of Senate Bill 57, Ohio has opened up a regulatory pathway for the growth of the CBD industry. However, businesses must be aware of the licensing commitments, particularly in light of the distinct separation between hemp and CBD from marijuana. This distinction, highlighted by the 128 legislation, underscores the need for CBD businesses to align with all the stipulated requirements to operate legally within the state.

CBD and Ohio Drug Tests

CBD and Ohio Drug Tests
CBD and Ohio Drug Tests

How does the legality of CBD oil in Ohio intersect with drug tests in the state? The question arises because, although hemp-derived CBD oil with less than 0.3% THC is legal in Ohio, the presence of any THC in CBD products could potentially bring up complications during drug tests. This is crucial as marijuana is illegal in Ohio and positive drug tests for THC can have implications for probation violations, DUI/OVI, drug crimes, and other criminal charges.

The distinction between hemp and marijuana is vital here. Both are species of the plant Cannabis sativa L., but the key difference lies in the THC content. Former Governor Kasich signed House Bill 523 in 2016, allowing hemp cultivation and the use of hemp for research purposes under the regulation of the Ohio Department of Agriculture. This bill also made it legal for Ohio residents to possess, sell or buy hemp products, including CBD extract.

Federal law also acknowledges this difference, with products containing less than 0.3% THC classified as hemp, and therefore legal. However, the stipulation that retailers and individuals dealing with hemp/CBD must be licensed by the Ohio Department of Agriculture introduces another layer of complexity.

Frequently Asked Questions

What Are the CBD Laws in Ohio 2023?

As of 2023, Ohio legislation permits the use, sale, and possession of CBD oil and other hemp-derived products, as per Senate Bill 57. The state’s Department of Agriculture oversees the regulation of hemp production. There are no specified possession limits for CBD oil. Furthermore, universities in Ohio can legally cultivate and process hemp for research purposes. Users and sellers are not required to have licenses for hemp products.

Does CBD Show on Drug Test Ohio?

In Ohio, CBD oil may potentially lead to a positive drug test. Despite its legality, the trace amounts of THC found in certain CBD products could trigger a positive result during drug screenings. This can have serious implications in situations involving probation violations, DUI/OVI, and other criminal charges. Therefore, consumers should exercise caution and be aware of the potential risks associated with CBD oil use in Ohio.

What States Do Not Allow CBD Oil?

The legality of CBD oil varies across the United States. While most states permit its use, some have restrictions. As of now, Idaho, Nebraska, and South Dakota have strict laws against the selling, possession, or use of CBD oil. It’s crucial to research and understand the specific laws in your state before purchasing or using CBD oil, as they can differ significantly and penalties for non-compliance can be severe.

Do Doctors Prescribe CBD for Anxiety?

Yes, doctors in Ohio can prescribe CBD oil for anxiety under certain conditions. This is due to the state’s House Bill 523, which allows physicians to recommend medical marijuana, including CBD oil, for qualifying medical conditions. However, it’s essential to note that not all doctors may choose to prescribe CBD oil for anxiety, and it’s always recommended to consult with a healthcare provider for personalized medical advice.


In conclusion, Ohio law permits the use, sale, and possession of hemp-derived CBD oil, granted it contains less than 3% THC. Senate Bill 57, signed in 2019, legalized these products and placed them under the jurisdiction of the Ohio Department of Agriculture. Nonetheless, further clarity is needed regarding possession limits. Medical marijuana, including CBD oil, is also legal for various qualifying conditions, paving the way for a more inclusive approach to alternative medicine.

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Marshan B.


Marshan B.

Marshan Beals is a co-partner at Client Verge Inc. With 8 years of experience in digital marketing, his expertise extends beyond digital marketing for cannabis brands. He is also a sponsor of the High Profits ebook, available for download when you sign up for our email list.